Asignatura Regional I

lunes, junio 26, 2006

El Diagnóstico y el Proyecto Escolar

El Diagnóstico escolar

Puntos de partida para elaborar el diagnóstico

-Todas las organizaciones tienen una misión o tarea que justifica su existencia-Debe definirse a partir de varios elementos

Propósitos educativos y el plan y programas de estudio
El plan y los programas de estudio es el documento que…
La escuela debe desarrollar habilidades porque…
Ambos propósitos
Expresan resultados óptimos
La importancia del diagnóstico
1992 el Acuerdo Nacional para la Modernización de la Educación Básica
Inicia proceso de reforma cuyos propósitos son
Mejorar la calidad de la educación
Fortalecer la equidad en la presentación del servicio educativo
Alcanzar los propósitos fundamentales de la educación básica
El mejoramiento de la calidad educativa también depende del personal docente y no sólo de la política educativa

a) Depende del trabajo que se realiza en las aulas.

b) Los materiales y recursos profesionales solo son eficaces si se utilizan adecuadamente.

c) Los logros de los alumnos dependen de la acción de varios profesores y de experiencias que obtiene.

d) Pueden detectar los logros y las deficiencias en los resultados y en el proceso educativo.


Proyecto Escolar

¿Cómo se elabora un proyecto escolar?
Su fundamento es el diagnóstico de la situación educativa de la escuela.
-Problemas respecto a los resultados educativos.
-Causas de los problemas principales.
-Recursos que el plantel tiene.
Otra base el conocimiento de los propósitos generales de la primaria.
Analizar y conocer los propósitos generales y de cada grado puede ser una de las primeras actividades del proyecto.

Elementos indispensables de un proyecto escolar:

"LOS OBJETIVOS"

Se enfocan a la solución del problema identificado en el diagnóstico.
Siempre vinculado a los enfoques y propósitos en el plan y los programas de estudio para la educación primaria.
Aluden a los resultados que se espera alcanzar.
Deben ser acordados por todos los maestros como grupo de trabajos útiles para todos los grados.
Establecer objetivos precisos, ningún miembro tenga dudas sobre la misión por cumplir.
Pretender objetivos demasiado ambiciosos, puede provocar desánimo y frustración.

LOS RECURSOS DE LA ESCUELA.
Pueden ser tres tipos:
-Humanos. Maestros y directivos, disposición y compromiso.
-Materiales. El edificio escolar, mobiliario y materiales de uso didáctico.
-El tiempo para trabajo.

ACUERDOS GENERALES PARA LA ENSEÑANZA Y EL FUNCIONAMIENTO DE LA ESCUELA

Se relacionan directamente con las causas identificadas. Que aluden a:
-El enfoque y las formas de enseñanza.
-El modo de organización y funcionamiento de la escuela.
-La relación entre maestros y directivos de la escuela con los padres y madres de familia.

LAS ESTRATEGIAS.
Definirlas significa trazar un plan general de acción (qué vamos a hacer todos).
Es un conjunto de pasos ordenados para lograr un fin, no es una "receta".
Puede ser modificada.
Debe abarcar:
-El trabajo en el aula y las formas de enseñanza.
-La organización y funcionamiento de la escuela.
-La relación entre la escuela y las familias.

LAS ACTIVIDADES.
Es una acción específica a realizar.
Es uno de los pasos para lograr el objetivo; la articulación de varias actividades conforman una estrategia.
Deben ser adecuadas al contexto.

CRONOGRAMA.

Es conveniente que para cada actividad se especifique un responsable y el tiempo en que se realizará.
Facilita realizar el seguimiento y la evaluación del proyecto.

REDACCIÓN DEL PROYECTO ESCOLAR.

En el proyecto escolar se expresan las orientaciones para decidir, organizar, desarrollar y evaluar las actividades de la escuela.
Es indispensable que se concrete por escrito para saber qué se va a hacer y en qué momento, de que manera y con qué recursos.
Una vez redactado conviene una reunión de consejo técnico para su revisión y aprobación.


DIFUSIÓN DEL PROYECTO ESOLAR.

El primer paso para poner en práctica el proyecto escolar es darlo a conocer.
Cualquiera que sea el medio de difusión, lo importante es que todos conozcan el esfuerzo que se está haciendo por mejorar.

DIFICULTADES MÁS FRECUENTES AL PONER EN MARCHA UN PROYECTO ESCOLAR.

La puesta en marcha de este genera cambios, es común encontrarse con dificultades. Las más frecuentes son:

-Realicen actividades como si carecieran de relación con la tarea de enseñanza.
-Que por diversos motivos no todos los maestros pongan en práctica con su grupo las actividades planeadas.
-Que se preocupen por el tiempo que les ocupa desarrollo de las actividades.
-Que todos o la mayoría se centren en las actividades con menor dificultad.
No existen recetas generales para solucionar los problemas que se presenten.
Tres principios fundamentales para la puesta en marcha de un proyecto escolar:
-Un proyecto escolar no tiene sentido si carece de repercusión en las formas de enseñanza de todos los maestros.
-Todos los aspectos de la organización de una escuela deben planearse y desarrollarse en función de la actividad de enseñanza.
-El proyecto escolar se elabora con la finalidad última de mejorar la calidad de la educación que reciben los alumnos.

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